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ASTM International, known until 2001 as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services. The organization's headquarters is in West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, about 5 miles (8 km) northwest of Philadelphia.

SPECIFICATIONS
ASTM CARBON AND ALLOY PIPE AND TUBING

ASTM  
Number Explanation
A-53 Covers seamless and welded black and galvanized steel pipe
furnished in the following types and grades:
TYPE F—Furnace Bull Welded (also known as continuous weld) thru 4-IPS
TYPE E—Electric-Resistance Welded, Grades A and B thru 26” O.D.
TYPE S—Seamless, Grades A and B thru 24” O.D.
Except for Type F, pipe ordered to this specification is suitable for forming,
bending, and flanging. Grade B, the most common, has a minimum yield
of 35,000 psi.
A-106 Covers seamless only carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service.
Furnished in one of three grades, A,B or C. Suitable for bending,
flanging and similar forming operations.
A-134 Covers electric fusion (arc) welded straight seam or spiral seam plate pipe
16 inch and over in diameter, with wall thicknesses up to 3
/4 inch This pipe
is intended for conveying liquid, gas or vapor.
A-135 Covers two grades of electric resistance welded steel pipe (A and B) 30 inch
diameter and under. Pipe is intended for conveying liquid, gas or vapor,
and only grade A is adapted for flanging and bending.
A-139 Covers five grades (A and E) of electric fusion (arc) welded straight seam or
spiral seam plate pipe, 4 inch and over in diameter with nominal wall
thicknesses up to 1 inch. Has different mechanical properties than standard
plate grades. Used for conveying liquid, gas or vapor.
A-161 Covers seamless, hot finished and cold drawn, low carbon and
carbon-molybdenium steel still tubes, for use in carrying fluids at elevated
temperatures and pressures in various types of heaters. The specification
includes tubes 2 to 9 inch O.D., inclusive and over 0.220 inches in minimum
wall thickness.
A-178 Covers electric-resistance-welded tubes made of carbon steel and intended
for use as boiler tubes and superheater flues. Includes tubes 1/2 inch to 5
inch O.D. and 0.035 to 0.320 inches in minimum wall thickness.
A-179 Covers seamless cold drawn low carbon steel tubes for tubular heat
transfer apparatus. Includes sizes 1/8 to 3 inch O.D. inclusive.
A-192 This specification supersedes A-83 and covers seamless carbon steel boiler
and superheater tubes for high pressure service. Includes sizes 1
/2 to 7 inch
O.D. and 0.085 to 0.000 inch minimum wall thickness.
A-178 Covers several grades of chromium-molybdenum and chromium-molybdenum-silicon seamless cold drawn intermediate alloy steel tubes for heat
exchangers, condensers, and similar heat transfer apparatus. Includes sizes
1/8 to 3 inch O.D. inclusive
A-200 Covers same grades as A-199 except use and size range varies. This specification covers sizes 2 to 9 inch in O.D. and wall thickness over 0.220 min.
A-209 Covers three grades of seamless carbon-molybdenum alloy steel boiler and
superheater tubes. Includes sizes 1/2 to 5 inch in O.D. and 0.035 to 0.500
inch in minimum wall thickness.
A-210 Covers seamless medium carbon steel boiler tubes and boiler flues,
including safe ends, arch and stay tubes, and superheater tubes. Includes
sizes 1/2 to 5 inch in O.D. and 0.035 to 0.500 inch in minimum wall thickness.
A-211 Covers spiral welded steel or iron pipe 4 to 48 inch in diameter, and 1/16 to 11/16 inch in wall thickness. Intended for conveying liquid, gas, or vapor.
A-252 Covers welded and seamless steel pipe for piling application or permanent
load carrying member. Available in Grades 1, 2, and 3 to meet physical
properties as required.
A-311 Covers stress-relieved cold-drawn carbon steel bars produced to
mechanical property requirements.
One class, B, is cold drawn with higher than normal (heavy) drafts to
provide higher strength levels.
A-333 Covers nominal wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy steel pipe
intended for low temperature service, (-50 to -320 degrees F). Several
grades are covered including Grades 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
A-334 Covers six grades of seamless or welded carbon and alloy steel tubes
intended for use at low temperatures, (-50 to -320 degrees F).
A-335 Covers nominal wall seamless alloy steel pipe intended for high temperature service. Pipe ordered to this specification shall be suitable for bending,
flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
Selection will depend upon design, service conditions, mechanical properties, and high temperature characteristics. This specification covers twelve
grades, most common of which are Grades 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 22.
A-405 Covers one grade (P-24) of seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe specially
treated for high temperature service
A-500 Covers cold formed welded and seamless carbon round, square,
rectangular, or special shape structural tubing for general structural
purpose. Covers three grades:
Grade A— 39,00 psi Min.Yield
Grade B— 46,00 psi Min.Yield
Grade C— 50,00 psi Min.Yield
A-501 Covers hot formed welded and seamless carbon steel, rectangular, square
or special shape tubing for general structural purposes.
A-512 This specification covers cold-drawn buttweld carbon steel tubes for use as
mechanical tubing. It covers round, square, rectangular, and special shapes.
Common grades in warehouse stocks are1010, 1015, and 1020.
A-513 This specification covers electric-resistance welded carbon and alloy steel
tubing for use as mechanical tubing. It covers round, square, rectangular,
and special shapes made from hot or cold rolled steel. It covers “as
welded,” and “sink drawn,” “mandrel drawn” and “special smooth inside
diameter.” Common grades in warehouse stocks are 1010, 1015,1020, and 1026.
A-519 This specification covers a multitude of grades of carbon and alloy steel
seamless mechanical tubing. It covers both hot finished and cold drawn
tubing up to and including 123/4 inch O.D. with wall thickness as required.
Common grades in warehouse stocks are 1018, 1020, 1025, 1026, 4130,
4140 and 4142.
A-524 Covers seamless carbon steel pipe for process piping application. Suitable
for welding, bending flanging, and similar forming operations. Two grades
are covered: Grade I (.375 inch wall thickness and under) and Grade II
(greater than .375 inch wall thickness).
A-618 Covers three grades of hot-formed welded and seamless high-strength
low-alloy square, rectangular, round or special shape tubing for use in
bridge or building construction and general structural purposes.
A-671 Covers electric-fusion-welded steel pipe with filler metal added; fabricated
from pressure vessel quality plate of several analysis and strength levels
and suitable for service at atmospheric and lower temperatures.
A-672 Covers electric-fusion-welded steel pipe with filler metal added; fabricated
from pressure vessel quality plate of several analysis and strength levels
and suitable for high-pressure service at moderate temperatures.
A-691 Covers electric-fusion-welded carbon and alloy steel pipe with filler metal
added; fabricated from pressure vessel quality plate of several analysis and
strength levels and suitable for high-pressure service at high temperatures.

 

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